West Alabama PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
125,182
0.286% 1-year growth
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
41.6
4.26% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
22.8%
9.62% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$42,226
21.2% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$106,900
24.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
41,720
1.64% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, West Alabama PUMA, AL had a population of 125k people with a median age of 41.6 and a median household income of $42,226. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of West Alabama PUMA, AL grew from 124,825 to 125,182, a 0.286% increase and its median household income grew from $34,839 to $42,226, a 21.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in West Alabama PUMA, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (56.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (39%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.89%), White (Hispanic) (1.1%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.382%).

2.19% of the households in West Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.1% of the residents in West Alabama PUMA, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in West Alabama PUMA, AL are University of West Alabama (1,866 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in West Alabama PUMA, AL was $106,900, and the homeownership rate was 73.6%.

Most people in West Alabama PUMA, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.1 minutes. The average car ownership in West Alabama PUMA, AL was 2 cars per household.

West Alabama PUMA, AL borders Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, Cullman, Marion & Winston Counties PUMA, AL, Tuscaloosa County (Outer)--Northport City (North & West) PUMA, AL, Jefferson (Northwest) & Walker Counties--Adamsville, Warrior & Graysville Cities PUMA, AL, Jefferson County (West)--Bessemer, Hueytown & Pleasant Grove Cities PUMA, AL, Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL, Shelby (South and East) and Chilton Counties--Alabaster (South) & Chelsea Cities PUMA, AL, Autauga, Dallas, Lowndes & Perry Counties PUMA, AL, Three Rivers Region--Calhoun, Chickasaw, Itawamba, Lafayette & Monroe Counties PUMA, MS, Golden Triangle Region--Columbus, Starkville, & West Point Cities PUMA, MS, East Central Region--Jasper, Leake, Kemper, Neshoba, Scott & Smith Counties PUMA, MS, and East Central Region--Clarke, Lauderdale & Newton Counties--Meridian City PUMA, MS.

Population & Diversity

West Alabama PUMA, AL is home to a population of 125k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.48% of West Alabama PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.86k people).

In 2022, there were 1.45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (70.8k people) in West Alabama PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 48.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.36k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in West Alabama PUMA, AL are Spanish (1,850 households), Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa (90 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (69 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
59,998
Women
50.3%
59,364
Men
49.7%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 119,362 inhabitants, with 49.7% men, and 50.3% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

99.1%
2022 Citizenship
99.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.1% of West Alabama PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in West Alabama PUMA, AL was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in West Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in West Alabama PUMA, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    70.8k ± 190
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    48.9k ± 535
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.36k ± 533
1.96%
Hispanic Population
2.45k people

In 2022, there were 1.45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (70.8k people) in West Alabama PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 48.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.36k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.96% of the people in West Alabama PUMA, AL are hispanic (2.45k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in West Alabama PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    324 ± 441 people
  2. India
    108 ± 255 people
  3. Canada
    96 ± 240 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Alabama PUMA, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 324 West Alabama PUMA, AL residents, followed by India with 108 and Canada with 96.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.48%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.86k people
1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.25k people

As of 2022, 1.48% of West Alabama PUMA, AL residents (1.86k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in West Alabama PUMA, AL was 1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in West Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    1,850 households (1.57%)
  2. Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa
    90 households (0.0763%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    69 households (0.0585%)

2.19% of the households in West Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in West Alabama PUMA, AL was Spanish. 1.57% of the households in West Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,455 ± 273
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,642 ± 329
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    881 ± 222

West Alabama PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of West Alabama PUMA, AL employs 41.7k people. The largest industries in West Alabama PUMA, AL are Elementary & secondary schools (3,002 people), Construction (2,498 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,373 people), and the highest paying industries are Animal production & aquaculture ($181,968), Natural gas distribution ($110,307), and Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($100,347).

Males in West Alabama PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.53 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,590. The income inequality in West Alabama PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.422, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
20,861
Women
51.2%
19,878
Men
48.8%

The workforce of West Alabama PUMA, AL in 2020 was 40,739 people, with 51.2% woman, and 48.8% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in West Alabama PUMA, AL.

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Occupations

41.7k
2022 Value
1.64%
1 Year growth
± 1.64%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in West Alabama PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 1.64%, from 41k employees to 41.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in West Alabama PUMA, AL, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,311 people), Registered nurses (1,264 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,244 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of West Alabama PUMA, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

41.7k
2022 Value
1.64%
1 Year growth
± 1.64%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in West Alabama PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 1.64%, from 41k employees to 41.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in West Alabama PUMA, AL, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,002 people), Construction (2,498 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,373 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of West Alabama PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in West Alabama PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$41,208
Median earning men ± $1,942
$26,923
Median earning women ± $1,465

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($59,533), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($53,452), and Information ($51,114).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($40,214), Public Administration ($37,231), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($34,929).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in West Alabama PUMA, AL awarded 1,866 degrees. The student population of West Alabama PUMA, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,442 male students and 4,418 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in West Alabama PUMA, AL are White (1,058 and 57.5%), followed by Black or African American (513 and 27.9%), Unknown (187 and 10.2%), and Two or More Races (33 and 1.79%).

The largest universities in West Alabama PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of West Alabama (1,866 and 100%).

The most popular majors in West Alabama PUMA, AL are Elementary Education & Teaching (311 and 16.7%), General Educational Leadership & Administration (190 and 10.2%), and General Special Education & Teaching (154 and 8.25%).

The median tuition cost in West Alabama PUMA, AL for a public four year colleges is $9,100 for in-state students and $18,200 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in West Alabama PUMA, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 68.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 14.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 5,860 (24.6% men and 75.4% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 5,860 students enrolled in West Alabama PUMA, AL, 24.6% men and 75.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,877 records, of which 74.6% were women and 25.4% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in West Alabama PUMA, AL was Secondary Education & Teaching with 130 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in West Alabama PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,866 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of West Alabama with 1,866 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 414 men were awarded degrees from institutions in West Alabama PUMA, AL, which is 0.285 times less than the 1,452 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,058 degrees mean that there were 2.06 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 513 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($9,100) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,890) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,216) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.908% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.22% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of West Alabama PUMA, AL in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (34.4k), Some college (20.6k), and Secondary Education (17.2k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in West Alabama PUMA, AL was $106,900 in 2022, which is 0.379 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $85,900 to $106,900, a 24.4% increase. The homeownership rate in West Alabama PUMA, AL is 73.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in West Alabama PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 30.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in West Alabama PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in West Alabama PUMA, AL is $42,226. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in West Alabama PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

Property

$106,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,572
$33,896
Median Property Taxes
±$1,124

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In West Alabama PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in West Alabama PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

73.6%
Homeownership
2022
64.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 73.6% of the housing units in West Alabama PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in West Alabama PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in West Alabama PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in West Alabama PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$42,226
Median Household Income
± $2,113
46.1k
Number of Households
± 1,530

In 2022, the median household income of the 46.1k households in West Alabama PUMA, AL grew to $42,226 from the previous year's value of $34,839.

The following chart displays the households in West Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.422
2022 Wage GINI in West Alabama PUMA, AL
0.43
2021 Wage GINI in West Alabama PUMA, AL

In 2022, the income inequality in West Alabama PUMA, AL was 0.422 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.02% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for West Alabama PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Alabama PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Alabama PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (86.1%)
  2. Carpooled (7.98%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.15%)

In 2022, 86.1% of workers in West Alabama PUMA, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.98%) and those who worked at home (4.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in West Alabama PUMA, AL have a longer commute time (30.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.78% of the workforce in West Alabama PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in West Alabama PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in West Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in West Alabama PUMA, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

22.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in West Alabama PUMA, AL (27.3k out of 120k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in West Alabama PUMA, AL is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91% of the population of West Alabama PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 36.8% on employee plans, 22.2% on Medicaid, 15.7% on Medicare, 14.5% on non-group plans, and 1.84% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.6% under 18 years, 19.4% between 18 and 34 years, 37.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.6% were men and 51.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.02%
Uninsured
36.8%
Employer Coverage
22.2%
Medicaid
15.7%
Medicare
14.5%
Non-Group
1.84%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in West Alabama PUMA, AL declined by 11.8% from 10.2% to 9.02%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in West Alabama PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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