Shelby County, TN

County

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2022 Population
926,440
0.295% 1-year decline
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
35.9
0.56% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
18.1%
2.32% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$59,621
8.37% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$206,100
21.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
429,064
0.316% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Shelby County, TN had a population of 926k people with a median age of 35.9 and a median household income of $59,621. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Shelby County, TN declined from 929,178 to 926,440, a −0.295% decrease and its median household income grew from $55,015 to $59,621, a 8.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Shelby County, TN are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (53.6%), White (Non-Hispanic) (34.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.87%), Other (Hispanic) (2.79%), and White (Hispanic) (2.15%).

None of the households in Shelby County, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.9% of the residents in Shelby County, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Shelby County, TN are University of Memphis (4,862 degrees awarded in 2022), The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (1,254 degrees), and Southwest Tennessee Community College (221485) (1,106 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Shelby County, TN was $206,100, and the homeownership rate was 55.2%.

Most people in Shelby County, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Shelby County, TN was 2 cars per household.

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Population & Diversity

Shelby County, TN is home to a population of 926k people, from which 95.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.79% of Shelby County, TN residents were born outside of the country (62.9k people).

In 2022, there were 1.55 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (496k people) in Shelby County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 320k White (Non-Hispanic) and 26.6k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.9%
2022 Citizenship
96%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.9% of Shelby County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Shelby County, TN was 96%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Shelby County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Shelby County, TN
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    496k ± 1.7k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    320k ± 810
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    26.6k ± 592
6.78%
Hispanic Population
62.8k people

In 2022, there were 1.55 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (496k people) in Shelby County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 320k White (Non-Hispanic) and 26.6k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.78% of the people in Shelby County, TN are hispanic (62.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Shelby County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    84,446 ± 7,091 people
  2. India
    23,758 ± 3,778 people
  3. Guatemala
    22,245 ± 3,656 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,446 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 23,758 and Guatemala with 22,245.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.79%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
62.9k people
6.65%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
61.8k people

As of 2022, 6.79% of Shelby County, TN residents (62.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Shelby County, TN was 6.65%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Shelby County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    14,524 ± 857
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    10,351 ± 1,281
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    8,346 ± 903

Shelby County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.4 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Shelby County, TN employs 429k people. The largest industries in Shelby County, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (61,592 people), Transportation & Warehousing (57,924 people), and Retail Trade (44,636 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,513), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,554), and Finance & Insurance ($61,479).

Males in Tennessee have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,544. The income inequality in Tennessee (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

429k
2022 Value
± 6,088
0.316%
1 Year growth
± 1.98%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Shelby County, TN grew at a rate of 0.316%, from 428k employees to 429k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Shelby County, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (53,961 people), Management Occupations (43,615 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (38,177 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Shelby County, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

429k
2022 Value
± 6,088
0.316%
1 Year growth
± 1.98%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Shelby County, TN grew at a rate of 0.316%, from 428k employees to 429k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Shelby County, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (61,592 people), Transportation & Warehousing (57,924 people), and Retail Trade (44,636 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Shelby County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Shelby County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,819
Median earning men ± $676
$37,508
Median earning women ± $683

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($77,175), Public Administration ($68,929), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($55,974).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($53,076), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($48,558), and Information ($45,234).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Y-Axis
3.15%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.29M people employed in Tennessee. This represents a 3.15% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Tennessee.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 8,482
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 5,549
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 4,671
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Shelby County, TN went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 64.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34%), followed by Other (1.61%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Shelby County, TN awarded 11,453 degrees. The student population of Shelby County, TN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 16,792 male students and 28,303 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Shelby County, TN are White (4,810 and 43.8%), followed by Black or African American (4,187 and 38.2%), Hispanic or Latino (632 and 5.76%), and Unknown (525 and 4.79%).

The largest universities in Shelby County, TN by number of degrees awarded are University of Memphis (4,862 and 42.5%), The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (1,254 and 10.9%), and Southwest Tennessee Community College (221485) (1,106 and 9.66%).

The most popular majors in Shelby County, TN are Registered Nursing (721 and 6.3%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (684 and 5.97%), and General Business Administration & Management (610 and 5.33%).

The median tuition costs in Shelby County, TN are $19,964 for private four year colleges, and $9,024 and $16,501 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Shelby County, TN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 83.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 45,095 (37.2% men and 62.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 45,095 students enrolled in Shelby County, TN, 37.2% men and 62.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 17,871 records, of which 70.4% were women and 29.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 269 degrees awarded
  2. 542 degrees awarded
  3. 375 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Shelby County, TN was General Business Administration & Management with 269 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Shelby County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,862 degrees awarded
  2. 1,254 degrees awarded
  3. 1,106 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Memphis with 4,862 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,825 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Shelby County, TN, which is 0.501 times less than the 7,628 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,810 degrees mean that there were 1.15 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 4,187 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($19,964) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,581) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Measure

In 2022, 0.806% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.744% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.75M), Some college (1.2M), and Bachelors Degree (956k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Shelby County, TN was $206,100 in 2022, which is 0.731 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $170,200 to $206,100, a 21.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Shelby County, TN is 55.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Shelby County, TN have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Shelby County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Shelby County, TN is $59,621. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Shelby County, TN was Census Tract 96 with a value of $163,500, followed by Census Tract 211.39 and Census Tract 85, with respective values of $157,760 and $151,842.

In 2022, 19.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Shelby County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.83%.

Property

$206,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,828
$197,510
Median Property Taxes
±$3,673

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Shelby County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Shelby County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

55.2%
Homeownership
2022
64.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 55.2% of the housing units in Shelby County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 55.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Shelby County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 96
  2. Census Tract 211.39
  3. Census Tract 85

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Shelby County, TN was Census Tract 96 with a value of $163,500, followed by Census Tract 211.39 and Census Tract 85, with respective values of $157,760 and $151,842.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Shelby County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$59,621
Median Household Income
± $1,066
358k
Number of Households
± 5,476

In 2022, the median household income of the 358k households in Shelby County, TN grew to $59,621 from the previous year's value of $55,015.

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Shelby County, TN is from Tennessee.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.463
2021 Wage GINI in Tennessee

In 2022, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.289% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80%)
  2. Carpooled (9.15%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.64%)

In 2022, 80% of workers in Shelby County, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.15%) and those who worked at home (7.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Shelby County, TN have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.994% of the workforce in Shelby County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Shelby County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Shelby County, TN have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 19.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Shelby County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.83%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Shelby County, TN (165k out of 910k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Shelby County, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 27.1% of the children was living in poverty in Shelby County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 5%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 1.35k in Shelby County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 76.3 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

88.1% of the population of Shelby County, TN has health coverage, with 46.5% on employee plans, 18.5% on Medicaid, 9.89% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 1.44% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, TN see 1139 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1161 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1333 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 617 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.2% were men and 53.8% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,139 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Shelby County, TN

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, TN see an average of 1,139 patients per year. This represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1,161 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Shelby County, TN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.5% under 18 years, 22.5% between 18 and 34 years, 36.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.2% were men and 53.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.9%
Uninsured
46.5%
Employer Coverage
18.5%
Medicaid
9.89%
Medicare
11.8%
Non-Group
1.44%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Shelby County, TN declined by 0.0618% from 11.9% to 11.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Shelby County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 82.7 in Shelby County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Shelby County, TN.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 37.6% in Shelby County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Shelby County, TN.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 13.2% in Shelby County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Shelby County, TN.

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