Polk County, TX

County

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2022 Population
50,536
2.36% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
43.8
0.455% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
16.4%
3.01% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$57,315
8.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$151,100
19.7% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Polk County, TX had a population of 50.5k people with a median age of 43.8 and a median household income of $57,315. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Polk County, TX grew from 49,372 to 50,536, a 2.36% increase and its median household income grew from $52,826 to $57,315, a 8.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Polk County, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (71%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.04%), White (Hispanic) (7.44%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.63%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.64%).

None of the households in Polk County, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.6% of the residents in Polk County, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Polk County, TX was $151,100, and the homeownership rate was 78%.

Most people in Polk County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Polk County, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Polk County, TX is home to a population of 50.5k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.67% of Polk County, TX residents were born outside of the country (2.36k people).

In 2022, there were 8.82 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (35.9k people) in Polk County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.06k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.76k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.6%
2022 Citizenship
97.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.6% of Polk County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Polk County, TX was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Polk County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Polk County, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    35.9k ± 114
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    4.06k ± 373
  3. White (Hispanic)
    3.76k ± 568
15.6%
Hispanic Population
7.87k people

In 2022, there were 8.82 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (35.9k people) in Polk County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.06k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.76k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

15.6% of the people in Polk County, TX are hispanic (7.87k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Polk County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.67%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.36k people
5.12%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
2.53k people

As of 2022, 4.67% of Polk County, TX residents (2.36k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Polk County, TX was 5.12%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Polk County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,623 ± 242
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    825 ± 233
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    595 ± 231

Polk County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Polk County, TX employs 18.3k people. The largest industries in Polk County, TX are Construction (2,680 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,087 people), and Retail Trade (1,985 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($92,255), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($83,516), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($70,972).

Occupations

18.3k
2022 Value
± 1,144
0.876%
1 Year growth
± 8.78%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County, TX grew at a rate of 0.876%, from 18.2k employees to 18.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Polk County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,461 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,987 people), and Production Occupations (1,696 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Polk County, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

18.3k
2022 Value
± 1,144
0.876%
1 Year growth
± 8.78%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County, TX grew at a rate of 0.876%, from 18.2k employees to 18.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Polk County, TX, are Construction (2,680 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,087 people), and Retail Trade (1,985 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Polk County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Polk County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$48,561
Median earning men ± $4,167
$29,018
Median earning women ± $2,924

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($91,054), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($75,679), and Public Administration ($64,710).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($80,250), Wholesale Trade ($73,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($49,868).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 272
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 168
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 157
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Polk County, TX went to Donald J. Trump with 76.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (22.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.707%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2022, 1.59% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.53% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (5.7M), Some college (4.97M), and Bachelors Degree (4.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Polk County, TX was $151,100 in 2022, which is 0.536 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $126,200 to $151,100, a 19.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Polk County, TX is 78%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Polk County, TX have an average commute time of 30.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Polk County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Polk County, TX is $57,315. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Polk County, TX was Census Tract 2102.04 with a value of $63,141, followed by Census Tract 2102.06 and Census Tract 2103.01, with respective values of $63,058 and $58,349.

Property

$151,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,741
$14,110
Median Property Taxes
±$929

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Polk County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Polk County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

78%
Homeownership
2022
70.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 78% of the housing units in Polk County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 78.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Polk County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2102.04
  2. Census Tract 2102.06
  3. Census Tract 2103.01

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Polk County, TX was Census Tract 2102.04 with a value of $63,141, followed by Census Tract 2102.06 and Census Tract 2103.01, with respective values of $63,058 and $58,349.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Polk County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$57,315
Median Household Income
± $2,976
18.1k
Number of Households
± 1,079

In 2022, the median household income of the 18.1k households in Polk County, TX grew to $57,315 from the previous year's value of $52,826.

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Polk County, TX is from Texas.
0.476
2022 Wage GINI in Texas
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2022, the income inequality in Texas was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0231% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82%)
  2. Carpooled (9.74%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.29%)

In 2022, 82% of workers in Polk County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.74%) and those who worked at home (4.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Polk County, TX have a longer commute time (30.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 7.7% of the workforce in Polk County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Polk County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Polk County, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Polk County, TX (7.65k out of 46.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Polk County, TX is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

83.3% of the population of Polk County, TX has health coverage, with 33.8% on employee plans, 17.2% on Medicaid, 15.6% on Medicare, 14.7% on non-group plans, and 2.04% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Polk County, TX see 1834 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.32% increase from the previous year (1725 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2409 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2304 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 51.2% were men and 48.8% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,834 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Polk County, TX

Primary care physicians in Polk County, TX see an average of 1,834 patients per year. This represents a 6.32% increase from the previous year (1,725 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Polk County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.8% under 18 years, 16.7% between 18 and 34 years, 41.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 51.2% were men and 48.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

16.7%
Uninsured
33.8%
Employer Coverage
17.2%
Medicaid
15.6%
Medicare
14.7%
Non-Group
2.04%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Polk County, TX declined by 5.78% from 17.7% to 16.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Polk County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 63.4 in Polk County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, TX.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 40.4% in Polk County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, TX.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 23% in Polk County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, TX.

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