Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
135,219
0.508% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
29.4
0.341% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
28.2%
6.77% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$47,285
13.7% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$107,300
16.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX had a population of 135k people with a median age of 29.4 and a median household income of $47,285. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX grew from 134,535 to 135,219, a 0.508% increase and its median household income grew from $41,588 to $47,285, a 13.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (50.9%), Two+ (Hispanic) (31%), Other (Hispanic) (13.6%), White (Non-Hispanic) (3.87%), and Black or African American (Hispanic) (0.29%).

84.7% of the households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

80% of the residents in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are Rio Grande Valley College (476726) (582 degrees awarded in 2022) and Southern Careers Institute-Pharr (463 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was $107,300, and the homeownership rate was 66%.

Most people in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX is home to a population of 135k people, from which 80% are citizens. As of 2022, 29.8% of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (40.3k people).

In 2022, there were 1.64 times more White (Hispanic) residents (68.8k people) in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 42k Two+ (Hispanic) and 18.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are Spanish (103,933 households), Haitian (191 households), and Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages (74 households).

Citizenship

80%
2022 Citizenship
80.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 80% of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was 80.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    68.8k ± 4.26k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    42k ± 3.82k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    18.4k ± 2.29k
95.8%
Hispanic Population
130k people

In 2022, there were 1.64 times more White (Hispanic) residents (68.8k people) in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 42k Two+ (Hispanic) and 18.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

95.8% of the people in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are hispanic (130k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

29.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
40.3k people
28.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
38.9k people

As of 2022, 29.8% of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX residents (40.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was 28.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    103,933 households (84.4%)
  2. Haitian
    191 households (0.155%)
  3. Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages
    74 households (0.0601%)

84.7% of the households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was Spanish. 84.4% of the households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    786 ± 212
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    671 ± 294
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    269 ± 131

Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX employs 48.2k people. The largest industries in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are Elementary & secondary schools (4,677 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,531 people), and Construction (4,150 people), and the highest paying industries are Support activities for mining ($81,307), Outpatient care centers ($76,312), and Structural metals, & boiler, tank, & shipping container manufacturing ($68,023).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
21,638
Women
44.6%
26,878
Men
55.4%

The workforce of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX in 2020 was 48,516 people, with 44.6% woman, and 55.4% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

48.2k
2022 Value
1.97%
1 Year growth
± 1.97%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.97%, from 47.2k employees to 48.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX, are Retail salespersons (1,798 people), Cashiers (1,782 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,366 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

48.2k
2022 Value
1.97%
1 Year growth
± 1.97%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.97%, from 47.2k employees to 48.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,677 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,531 people), and Construction (4,150 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$34,091
Median earning men ± $1,575
$22,214
Median earning women ± $1,405

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($53,438), Manufacturing ($46,134), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($44,479).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($41,577), Construction ($41,111), and Wholesale Trade ($29,429).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX awarded 1,045 degrees. The student population of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 385 male students and 920 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (959 and 91.8%), followed by White (75 and 7.18%), Black or African American (6 and 0.574%), and Asian (2 and 0.191%).

The largest universities in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are Rio Grande Valley College (476726) (582 and 55.7%) and Southern Careers Institute-Pharr (463 and 44.3%).

The most popular majors in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX are Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (213 and 20.4%), Medical Assistant (203 and 19.4%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (144 and 13.8%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.57% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.16% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX in 2022 were Primary Education (27.7k), High School or Equivalent (25.2k), and Secondary Education (24.4k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was $107,300 in 2022, which is 0.381 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $92,400 to $107,300, a 16.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX is 66%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX is $47,285. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

Property

$107,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,256
$25,496
Median Property Taxes
±$1,399

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

66%
Homeownership
2022
63.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 66% of the housing units in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$47,285
Median Household Income
± $3,256
38.6k
Number of Households
± 1,975

In 2022, the median household income of the 38.6k households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX grew to $47,285 from the previous year's value of $41,588.

The following chart displays the households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.412
2022 Wage GINI in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX
0.406
2021 Wage GINI in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX

In 2022, the income inequality in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was 0.412 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.28% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.5%)
  2. Carpooled (10.1%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.84%)

In 2022, 80.5% of workers in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.1%) and those who worked at home (5.84%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.07% of the workforce in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

28.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX (38k out of 135k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

68.7% of the population of Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 22.8% on employee plans, 28.3% on Medicaid, 7.27% on Medicare, 9.52% on non-group plans, and 0.825% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 34.9% under 18 years, 23% between 18 and 34 years, 31.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 10.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.8% were men and 50.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

31.3%
Uninsured
22.8%
Employer Coverage
28.3%
Medicaid
7.27%
Medicare
9.52%
Non-Group
0.825%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX declined by 1.24% from 31.7% to 31.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hidalgo County (South Central)--Pharr, San Juan & Hidalgo Cities PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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